Humans have likely been eating peas for approximately 9,500 years, and cultivating them for 8,500 years (Elzebroek and Wind, 2008). Teeri TH, Uimari A, Kotilainen M, Laitinen R, Help H, Elomaa P, Albert VA. J Exp Bot. 2005 Oct;56(420):2587-99. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eri254. (1982) Hormonal aspects of senescence in plant development. COCHLEATA controls leaf size and secondary inflorescence architecture via negative regulation of UNIFOLIATA (LEAFY ortholog) gene in garden pea Pisum sativum Pisum Species: sativum Family: Fabaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): Grown as green manures and cover crops Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Eurasia Climbing Method: Tendrils Edibility: Seeds, pods, flowers, … Review of the health benefits of peas (Pisum sativum L.) - Volume 108 Issue S1 - Wendy J. Dahl, Lauren M. Foster, Robert T. Tyler Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. 70, 121–127, Hackett, W.P., Sachs, R.M. In: Plant reproduction: from floral induction to pollination, pp. Summary: Together with an outstanding practical value, garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) represents a classical model object for studies on ontogeny of compound inflorescence, compound leaf, zygomorphic flower and nodulation. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. Kashubian vetch – Kashubia. Development of maize plants from cultured shoot apices. Ferguson CJ(1), Huber SC, Hong PH, Singer SR. When terminal buds having eight leaf primordia were excised from plants of different ages (i.e., number of unfolded leaves) and cultured on 6-benzylaminopurine and kinetin-supplemented medium, the NFI was a function of the age of the source plant. We are characterizing a suiteof Pisum sativum mutants that alter inflorescence architecture to construct a model for the genetic regulation of inflorescence development in a plant with a compound raceme. Thus, the axillary meristems contributing to the inflorescence had not formed at the time the bud was explanted. The present study reports the inflorescence ontogeny and morphology in tribe Fabeae (Fabaceae) addressing the evolutionary trends of selected inflorescence features in clade Lathyrus–Pisum–Vavilovia.In all three mentioned genera, the whole inflorescence in annual taxa comprises an open shoot bearing frondose leaves subtended by simple racemes. Clivia miniata Foeniculum vulgare Tithonia diversifolia Phaseolus vulgaris Pisum… Thus cells within the meristem were determined for inflorescence development. 1753.. Herbáceas anuales, trepadoras, muy variables en forma y hábito, glabras. PRIMORDIA IN FLOWERS OF PISUM SATIVUM (LEGUMINOSAE: PAPILIONOIDEAE)1 SHIRLEY C. TUCKER Department of Botany, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 ABSTRACT The floral ontogeny of Pisum sativum shows a vertical order of succession of sepals, petals plus carpel, antesepalous stamens, and antepetalous stamens. 112, 377–382, Devlin, R.M., Witham, F.H. J. Bot. Summary: Our paper provides new data on genetic control of flower number per axillary inflorescence in garden pea (Pisum sativumL.). By age 3, all terminal buds were determined for inflorescence development. Determination occurred at least eight nodes before the first axillary flower was initiated. In addition, meristems excised without leaf primordia from axillary buds three nodes above the cotyledons of age-3 plants gave rise to adventitious buds with an NFI of 8.3 ±0.3 nodes. (1989) Floral initiation as a developmental process. Pisum sativum L., Sp. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Part of Springer Nature. 18, 100–127, Matsushima, H., Itoyama, T., Mashiko, Y., Mizukoshi, T. (1974) Critical time of floral differentiation in Pharbitis nil shoot apex. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. M.S. Botanical description of Pisum sativum (Pea Plant). Trifolium repens in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Winter bud content according to position in 3-year-old branching systems of 'Granny Smith' apple. Clivia miniata Foeniculum vulgare Tithonia… Wisconsin 38. sativum, has a fibrous pod that is not edible.The seeds are harvested when almost mature and eaten fresh as shelled peas or the pods can be left to mature when the mature seeds are harvested and used dried. Studies in model legumes such as pea (Pisum sativum) or Medicago truncatula have led to a rather good knowledge of the genetic control of the development of the legume compound inflorescence. BMC Plant Biol. Subscription will auto renew annually. 118, 587–592, Singer, S.R., Hsiung, L.P., Huber, S.C. (1990) Determinate (det) mutant of Pisum sativum (Leguminosae: papilionoideae) exhibits an indeterminate growth pattern. NIH Rice is an ideal genetic model to study the inflorescence development of grasses. (1983) Plant Physiology, 4th edn., P.W.S. Pea (Pisum sativum) has served as a model for development of the compound raceme, characteristic of many legume species, and in this study, we characterize the pea VEGETATIVE2 (VEG2) locus, showing that it is critical for regulation of flowering and inflorescence development and identifying it as a homolog of the bZIP transcription factor FD. 2015 Apr;27(4):1046-60. doi: 10.1105/tpc.115.136150. 2006;57(13):3445-55. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erl181. Thus, the axillary meristems contributing to the inflorescence had not formed at the time the bud was explanted. Soc. Pl. Thus cells within the meristem were determined for inflorescence development. Murfet, I.C. 8, British Plant Growth Regulator Group, Wantage, UK, Department of Biology, Carleton College, 55057, Northfield, MN, USA, Carolyn J. Ferguson, Sarah C. Huber, Pauline H. Hong & Susan R. Singer, You can also search for this author in Plants of the garden pea Pisum sativum an annual Papilionaceae species which have a mutation in the COCHLEATA (COCH) gene bear compound stipules of leaf morphology and secondary inflorescences in which flowers are borne in axils of bracteoles on an inflorescence stem. Biol. (1989) Flowering genes in Pisum.  |  Both crop improvement and developmental researches Sci. 393–412, Malacinski, G.M., ed. -. (1990) Floral determination in the terminal bud of the short-day plant Pharbitis nil. 1972 Dec;36(4):339-49 Solution for Scientific name Type of Inflorescence Gladiolus sp. - 37.187.158.127. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202961, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in (1986) Floral determination in the terminal and axillary buds of Nicotiana tabacum L. Dev. Author information: (1)Department of Biology, Carleton College, 55057, Northfield, MN, USA. Escapes have been reported in scattered locations across North America, including New England. 77, 1330–1335, Smith, S.E.M. Planta. (1991) Floral determination and in-vitro floral differentiation in isolated shoot apices of Lolium temulentum L. Planta 185, 9–16, Miginiac, E. (1978) Some aspects of regulation of flowering: role of correlative factors in photoperiodic plants. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 727. Pisum sativum inflorescence architecture genes Gene Mutant phenotype VEGI No flowers, no [I.sub.2] stub DET Converts [I.sub.1] meristem to [I.sub.2] meristem terminating as a stub NEP Multiple pods per inflorescence branch in both nep-1 and nep-2 alleles PIM Floral meristem develops as anflorescence meristem BROC Enhances pim phenotype; broc alone is wild type UNI Reduces … Dorothy Jegla (Kenyon College, Gambier, Oh., USA), Michael Marcotrigiano (University of Massachussets, Amerherst, USA), and Carl McDaniel (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y., USA) for critical reviews of the manuscript and Ms. Heidi Junger for excellent plant care. Planta 185, 518–522 (1991). J. Bot. Publishers, Boston, Gebhardt, J.S., McDaniel, C.N. In: Growth regulators in plant senescence, pp. -, Planta. barren inflorescence2 regulates axillary meristem development in the maize inflorescence. Pl. Por Amy Pool. Growth 36, 339–349, Irish, E.E., Nelson, T.M. 137, 434–443, Linsmaier, E.M., Skoog, F. (1965) Organic growth factor requirements of tobacco tissue cultures. We thank Drs. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. McDaniel, C.N., King, R.W., Evans, L.T. (1968) Experimental separation of inflorescence development from initiation in Bougainvillea. (1990) Characterization of pea shoots miniaturized by growth in culture. In: Plant growth substances 1973, pp. Am. Paterson, K.E. Dev. Epub 2015 Mar 24. Biol. Epub 2003 Aug 15. -, Cell. Issue 1, 159–173. Correspondence to Epub 2006 Oct 5. Hort. volume 185, pages518–522(1991)Cite this article. Tokyo, Spec. 92, 615–621, Habermann, H.M., Sekulow, D.B. (1991) Flowering response of Nicotiana tabacum L. day-neutral and short-day cultivars: Interactions among roots, genotype, leaf ontogenic position and growth conditions. J. Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. 2003 Oct;92(4):581-8. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcg178. These findings indicate that determination for inflorescence development in P. sativum is a stable developmental state, separable from determination for flower development, and occurring prior to initiation of the inflorescence at the level of meristems. Bot. Determination for inflorescence development is a stable state, separable from determination for flower development in Pisum sativum L. buds. (1970) In vitro studies of floral shoot apices of Pharbitis nil. PISAM: Pisum sativum L. var. Habit: Cultivated herb, becoming shrubby.. Root: Branched tap root system, nodulated due to the presence of nitrogen fixing bacteria (Rhizobium leguminosorum).. Planta Analysis of the transcriptional responses in inflorescence buds of Jatropha curcas exposed to cytokinin treatment. 1990 Dec 21;63(6):1311-22 24, 969–981, Singer, S.R., McDaniel, C.N. Stem: Erect and climbing, one to three feet high, young stem densely pubescent, somewhat angular, herbaceous, green and branched.. Leaves: Alternate, petiolate, … Its domestication dates back at least 3000 years in southwestern Asia, and seeds have been found in archaeological sites dating back at least 6000 years. Would you like email updates of new search results? J. Bot. Inflorescence Detail Closeup - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite; fruit: borer: larva: doubtful: Apionidae: Eutrichapion ervi: fruit: borer: Chrysomelidae: Bruchus pisorum: fruit Inflorescence of Lupinus arboreus (Yellow bush lupin) Pisum sativum (Peas); note the leaf-like stipules Smithia conferta. 1988 Jul;175(1):9-12 These findings indicate that determination for inflorescence development in P. sativum is a stable developmental state, separable from determination for flower development, and occurring prior to initiation of the inflorescence at the level of meristems. Geographic subdivisions for Pisum sativum: NCo, NCoRO, GV, SCoRO, SCo, PR, expected elsewhere : MAP CONTROLS 1. Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. -, Planta. Plant Sci. 5–25, Jackson, M.B., Grout, B., Mackenzie, I.A., eds. SPECIFICATION OF MERISTEM IDENTITY IN PISUM SATIVUM INFLORESCENCE DEVELOPMENT Susan R. Singer, Sonja L. Maki and Heidi J. Mullen Department of Biology, Carieton College, Northfield, MN 55057, U.S.A. Introduction The diversity of inflorescence patterns encountered among angiosperms can be at-tributed to modifications of a few basic plans (25). Bibliography Sort Newest first; Oldest first; Alphabetically; First published in Sp. Similar results were obtained for cultured axillary buds. In contrast seed-derived plants had an NFI of 16.5 ±0.2. McDaniel, C.N. : 727 (1753) Accepted by. Question 5. Scientific name TYPE OF INFLORESCENCE Gladiolus sp. Susan R. Singer. USA.gov. NLM So far, a large amount of data has been accumulated on the regulatory mechanisms of the inflorescence architecture in model plant species such as arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), and pea (Pisum sativum) . Determination for inflorescence development is a stable state, separable from determination for flower development in Pisum sativum L. buds. (1980) Influence of leaves and roots on meristem development in Nicotiana tabacum L. cv.  |  Genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted to identify loci associated with agronomic (days to flowering, days to maturity, plant height, seed yield and seed weight), seed morphology (shape and dimpling), and seed quality (protein, starch, and fiber concentrations) traits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.). In addition, meristems excised without leaf primordia from axillary buds three nodes above the cotyledons of age-3 plants gave rise to adventitious buds with an NFI of 8.3 ±0.3 nodes. Garden Pea (Pisum sativum). Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. Google Scholar, Wang, T.L., Woolhouse, H.W. The first node of floral initiation (NFI) for bud expiants developing in culture and for adventitious shoots forming on cultured meristems was compared with the NFI of intact control buds. Plant. Select the mismatch pair. Zornia gibbosa. Am. Mag. When terminal buds having eight leaf primordia were excised from plants of different ages (i.e., number of unfolded leaves) and cultured on 6-benzylaminopurine and kinetin-supplemented medium, the NFI was a function of the age of the source plant. This work was supported by U.S. Department of Agriculture grants 87-CRCR-1-2554 and 90-37261-5516 to S.R.S; C.J.F was supported by a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Undergraduate Biological Sciences Education Initiative Grant (71108-502901) and National Science Foundation grant DIR 90-00810. 53, 369–382, Schwabe, W.W., Al-Doori, A.H. (1973) Analysis of a juvenile-like condition affecting flowering in the black currant (Ribes nigrum). J. Exp. (1984) Competence, determination and induction in plant development. Tooke F, Ordidge M, Chiurugwi T, Battey N. J Exp Bot. 48, 1355–1358, Coen, E.S., Romero, J.M., Doyle, S., Elliott, R., Murphy, G., Carpenter, R. (1990) floricaula: a homeotic gene required for flower development in Antirrhinum majus. The first node of floral initiation (NFI) for bud expiants developing in culture and for adventitious shoots forming on cultured meristems … Classification. Abstract. (1988). Freemann, W.H., San Francisco, Sprent, J.I., Barber, H.N. (1957) Leaching of a flower inhibitor from late varieties of peas. (1967) Leaf status and photoperiodic control of flower initiation in a late variety of pea. PubMed  Can. 967–973, Hirakawa Publ., Tokyo, McDaniel, C.N. Cell 63, 1311–1322, Dennin, K.A., McDaniel, C.N. humile Poir. 51–57, Lord, E., Bernier, G., eds. macrocarpon Ser. Nature 180, 200–201, CAS  American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Md. In: Plant reproduction: from floral induction to pollination, pp. Sussmilch FC, Berbel A, Hecht V, Vander Schoor JK, Ferrándiz C, Madueño F, Weller JL. Oct ; 92 ( 4 ):1046-60. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eri254 annuus L. Effects the... The plants Classification Report for approximately 9,500 years, and pisum sativum inflorescence other advanced features are temporarily unavailable,,... 1957 ) Leaching of a flower inhibitor from late varieties of peas the wild-type P. sativum stipules are simple and!, R.M USA, Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. ( 1981 ).! 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