The history of Nauvoo, Illinois, starts with the Sauk and Fox tribes who frequented the area. 1842: ... February 1 -2 brought a blizzard of historic proportions, considered the third-worst in Illinois history. Founded in 1839 by Joseph Smith Jr., LDS church prophet and founder, Nauvoo, Illinois had its own army – with Smith as general – a constitution, a court system and at its height, more inhabitants than Chicago, over 12,000. Donner party leaves Springfield by wagon train for California; forty-two perish in Sierra Mountains snowstorms. One of the restored homes and buildings in Nauvoo, Illinois, is one that once belonged to Ellis Mendenhall Sanders. Commerce… In 1839, a beleaguered, exiled group known as the Church of Latter Day Saints of Jesus Christ—also known as the Mormons—crossed the Missouri border into Jackson County, Illinois. Nauvoo boosters and their political opponents in neighboring towns exaggerated their estimates of Nauvoo's population for differing purposes. [11] The City of Joseph pageant, an outdoor musical produced by the LDS Church, began to run each summer in 1976. Pioneer History in Nauvoo Illinois. Joseph Smith (1805-1844) chooses Nauvoo as headquarters for the Mormon church. "American Experience: The Mormon's". The Nauvoo FPD completed its fundraising efforts on November 30, 2007, to purchase its ambulance, which entered service in January 2008. Show map of Illinois. Location. Perrigrine Sessions Journal, January 30, 1846, Church Archives, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Nauvoo-Colusa Community Unit School District 325, Warsaw Community Unit School District 316, "Mormons begin exodus to Utah - Feb 10, 1846 - HISTORY.com", https://nauvoovacationrentals.com/nauvoo-pageant.html, "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010", "Nauvoo Tourism office - Visitor information", "Dollar General in Nauvoo to open this month", "Voters approve Warsaw/Nauvoo-Colusa deactivation plans", Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nauvoo,_Illinois&oldid=995797817, Illinois populated places on the Mississippi River, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 23:13. They serve voluntarily, usually for a period of several years. See more ideas about nauvoo, nauvoo illinois, lds church history. There were 494 households, of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18, 60.9% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.9% were non-families. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Church custom, the temple is now used only by Church members. The age distribution was 19.9% under the age of 18 and 29.9% 65 or older. Until the early Saints leveled them to build homes and farms, Indian mounds dominated Nauvoo. Hancock Eagle. 28.5% of households were one person and 16.4% were one person aged 65 or older. [12] In addition to the many homes that had been restored, the Relief Society Memorial Garden was dedicated in 1978, featuring statues designed by Dennis Smith and Florence Hansen. The exterior matches the original exactly except in three ways: The temple was positioned 12.5 feet (3.8 m) south to allow for parking on the north side, there are two new exterior doors (with an entrance on the north for disabled persons and emergency exits in the basement on the east) and there is a standing Angel Moroni as is seen on most modern temples; the original was an unspecified flying angel, also with a horn in hand but in a horizontal position with the compass, square and flame above.[14]. This quaint town in the middle of Illinois is one of the best replicas of life in the 1850's. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). Peter & Paul Catholic School which provides a faith based education for students from preschool through 7th grade.[33]. [13], In June 2002, the LDS Church completed construction of a new temple on the site of the original temple. EXPERIENCE HISTORIC NAUVOO Nauvoo offers a hands-on ‘historic experience’ vacation for thousands of families each year. Location of Nauvoo in Hancock County, Illinois. Most of these sites are open to the public, with demonstrations and displays, and there are self-guided driving tours as well as wagon tours. Fleeing from years of violent persecution by non-Mormons, the Mormons set up the city of Nauvoo under the aegis of their prophet, Joseph Smith, the founder and first prophet of the Church. This is an experience I would highly recommend for everyone to take advantage of. [19] Situated on a wide bend in the Mississippi River, Nauvoo has most of the historic district in the lower flat lands (called the flats) that are no more than a few feet above the water line. 1843–1845. History, 1838–1856. CR 100 102, boxes 1–7. An Act to Repeal the Act Entitled “An Act to Incorporate the City of Nauvoo,” Approved December 16, 1840 [29 Jan. 1845], Laws of the State of Illinois [1844–1845], pp. The city and its immediate surrounding area are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Nauvoo Historic District. Nauvoo, city, Hancock county, western Illinois, U.S. Nauvoo was established in many different ways by many different people. Location of Nauvoo in Hancock County, Illinois. Explore more than 30 historic sites from 1839-1846. [17] The community sponsors the Grape Festival (Labor Day weekend) and Pumpkin Walk (October). Separate from the city are the Nauvoo Fire Protection District (FPD) and Nauvoo-Colusa School System. The Icarians, a group of mostly middle class French idealists led by Etienne Cabet attempted to establish a communistic society in Nauvoo, Illinois to varying success in the 1850’s. It dumped up to two feet of snow on the northern part of the state. By 1827, white settlers had built cabins in the area. Beginning with the Sauk and Fox Native American Tribes who were forced from their eastern homelands, and came to the Mississippi Valley and began making many permanent settlements near where Nauvoo is today. The population of Nauvoo was 1,149 at the 2010 census. In 1834 the name Venu… The book is divided into five chapters. “Nauvoo (Commerce), Illinois,” Church History Topics “Nauvoo (Commerce), Illinois” After the Latter-day Saints were driven from Missouri in the late 1830s, they found refuge in and around the small town of Quincy, Illinois. Key events in the early days of Mormonism, a religion now counting about 15 million followers worldwide, played out in this frontier village. We are located in the historic Clark Store across the street north of the Nauvoo Temple on Knight St. We serve the area surrounding the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, as well as the numerous visitors to our historic city. This article details some of the history of Nauvoo, Illinois. Cemetery [edit | edit source]. Nauvoo, Illinois. The flatlands are occupied by a small number of 19th century brick houses and other buildings that have survived the city's vicissitudes, with large … History [edit | edit source]. It lies along the Mississippi River, about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Burlington, Iowa. They also taught me several things that I didn't learn when I was at the Nauvoo Visitor Center and looking around on my own. Nauvoo is historic in more ways than one, and you may be surprised that its roots are embedded in the Mormon story. Nauvoo. Nauvoo, city, Hancock county, western Illinois, U.S. Prior to 2008 high school residents attended Nauvoo-Colusa High School from 1961 to 2008. Family history students at Brigham Young University's Center for Family History and Genealogy are working in conjunction with LDS Church Historic Sites to identify the residents of Nauvoo, Illinois, from 1839 to 1846. Permanent settlement by non-natives was reportedly begun in 1824 by Captain James White. On October 15, 1874 Sister Ottilia Hoeveler, and four other sisters came from St. Scholastica Covent in Chicago to start a girls school. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. [32], Nauvoo is also home to the private Sts. It was discovered the cool, moist wine cellars in the area were ideal for aging cheese. History of Nauvoo. The Joseph Smith Academy at Nauvoo, Illinois, was a complex of classrooms, dormitories, lounge, gymnasium and auditorium where young adult students could learn about Latter-day Saint history and other subjects. They first called the area Quashquema, named in honor of the Native American chief who headed a Sauk and Fox settlement numbering nearly 500 lodges. As d epicted in an early photo of the original Nauvoo Temple, the beginnings of the hotel can be seen as early as 1847. The population density was 314.4 people per square mile (121.4/km2). II, Munsell Publishing Company, Chicago, 1921. The area of Nauvoo was first called Quashquema, named in honor of the Native American chief who headed a Sauk and Fox settlement numbering nearly 500 lodges. In 1849, Icarians moved to the Nauvoo area to implement a utopian socialist commune based on the ideals of French philosopher Étienne Cabet. Nauvoo, Illinois FamilySearch Center. Nauvoo today. 1841: Chicagoan John S. Wright (1815-1874) begins publishing Prairie Farmer magazine. Temple presidents are called to oversee all activities performed at the temple. They also taught me several things that I didn't learn when I was at the Nauvoo Visitor Center and looking around on my own. The colony had over 500 members at its peak, but Cabet's death in 1856 led some members to leave this parent colony. It lies along the Mississippi River, about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Burlington, Iowa. Welcome to Beautiful Nauvoo - the historic little city on the mighty Mississippi. History of Nauvoo, Illinois Last updated July 04, 2020. Vols. Many records are kept on the county level and a list of resources covering Nauvoo can be found on the Hancock County, Illinois Wiki page.. The LDS Church sponsors numerous activities throughout the year in Nauvoo including The Nauvoo Pageant (July/August). Nauvoo. City of Nauvoo: The rebuilt Nauvoo LDS Temple. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males. Horse drawn wagons, blacksmiths, printing presses, gunsmiths all free. We are located in the historic Clark Store across the street north of the Nauvoo Temple on Knight St. We serve the area surrounding the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, as well as the numerous visitors to our historic city. According to the 2010 census, Nauvoo has a total area of 4.831 square miles (12.51 km2), of which 3.39 square miles (8.78 km2) (or 70.17%) is land and 1.441 square miles (3.73 km2) (or 29.83%) is water. Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles led the Church while Joseph Smith remained in prison on false charges of treaso… Beginning with the Sauk and Fox Native American Tribes who were forced from their eastern homelands, and came to the Mississippi Valley and began making many permanent settlements near where Nauvoo is … The exterior, and much of the interior, is a copy of the original. Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–ca. [8] He was the president of Nauvoo Restoration, Inc. from 1962 to 1986. Tourism is the major industry in Nauvoo, with Nauvoo Restoration Inc., employing approximately 30, while an estimated 200 LDS missionaries (unpaid) also provide a boost to local businesses during the tourist season. Location of Nauvoo in Hancock County, Illinois. Inscriptions Found on Tombstones and … The city's per capita income was $18,150. 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