Okay I know that Mars hasn't "been done" yet. Since Mars has a different environment compared to Earth, this will hurt our bodies. The cost of a manned mission to Mars would be 20+ billion dollars. Mars One has developed a mission to establish a human settlement on Mars built entirely upon existing technology. There are plans in the works to put boots on Mars in this generation. Its best to think of spacesuits as more like mini spaceships than aqualungs. During the dust storms, then artificial light is needed in middle of the day to grow crops, and you won't be able to see anything. Our aspirations to explore space as a human being are what help in driving us towards advancing technological innovations that will benefit our species in different ways. There are ideas for self contained habitats using natural methods, such as Biosphere 2, the ESA's Mellisa and the Russian BIOS-3 but these are larger than the first habitats, and again is not 100% proven technology for space yet. Mars features a lower level of gravity, which will make our bodies weaker. With enhanced vision, the boring landscape would become interesting to look at and explore. 2 It cost too much. And our atmosphere is mainly nitrogen and oxygen, only 0.04% CO2, and CO2 levels above 1% are hazardous to humans. Space Habitats For Colonists And Mars Explorers - And A Safe Way To Put (Telerobot) Boots On Mars, Telerobotic Avatars On Mars With Super-Powers ("Teleporting" from orbit) - Search For Life - And Long Term Exploitation, No - MRNA Vaccines Do Not Rewrite Your DNA Or RNA, World Will NOT 'End' Days Before Christmas 2020 - NOT Mayan Calendar - More Baloney From Perennial False Prophet, No Realistic Possibility Of False Vacuum Decay - Your Questions Answered By An Expert - Dr Tommi Markkanen, Life On the Edge In Cold Dry Deserts Of Mars- Dust Storms, And Contamination By Microbes From Leaky Spacesuits. Even though there are several benefits associated with colonizing planet Mars, there are some risks involved with the entire process. On the journey to Mars, astronauts will encounter three different gravity fields. of space habitats following the design of the Stanford Torus. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ablison_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',144,'0','0']));We should focus on sending human beings to Mars instead of robots since human beings are capable of making discoveries 10,000 times faster than robots. Even though the largest fairing under consideration is a whopping 8.4 meters (27.6 ft) in diameter, it has been extremely difficult for NASA to fit a payload fairing to the design of a manned Mars … And however much you can make from native Mars materials, at least at present levels of technology, then many components and replacement parts will have to come from Earth. Today we’re the third group being sent up into Mars for a mission to find a colony called Matis. You literally have better chances of going to Mars than getting placed through this company. Everest. Mars mission unlike past missions; no practical benefits Gregg Eastbrook. Able to just stop anywhere and work on something for days on end or just spend days or weeks on a single experiment out in the open. There might be Martian life that we have not yet discovered, including a microcellular life. By using existing technologies, we will be able to reduce the cost of the Mars One mission significantly; furthermore, 66% of the cost is based on launching and landing with both being a well-understood and proven variables. a sprained ankle on Mars might well kill you because you then can't get back to your oxygen supply in time to top up. Some studies showed that moon dust may be somewhat hazardous - not as much so as asbestos, but enough to be of concern. Or could be an allergen for humans, e.g. Launched atop the Falcon Heavy, SpaceX hoped to … In addition to that, there is a substantial risk of these earthly microbes finding their way onto the Martian surface; this will end up confusing and interfering with Martian life. Follow- ing the discovery that there were once oceans on Mars, NASA has reported that there is currently liquid water fowing over parts of the planet. NASA aims to have humans on Mars by the 2030s. Later on, if the decision is made to send humans to the surface, you already have the telerobots there and whatever technology is associated with them, for the humans to use for their habitats. Mars might not look as cold as Antarctica, because it has ice only at its poles. It's too expensive, and it may not even be feasible, many contend. Katrina C. Arabe Feb 17, 2004. Predicting how the cutting-edge technologies used in designing man mission to planet Mars and the habitats on planet Mars will beneficial to other fields such as agriculture or medicine is relatively impossible. This was due to flaw in its engineering design; this problem was then fixed in the year 1993; however, to try and make use of these blurry images during the first years, astronomers came up with a computer algorithm that helped in extracting the information in a better way from these images. Potential Objections. The Mars One mission has developed a detailed risk analysis profile that will guide both the internal technical development and the relationship it builds with the aerospace suppliers. Medicine would be needed too, and other supplies that need high levels of technology. The peaks of (almost) eternal light might need to be explored scientifically using rovers first to minimize contamination, for instance maybe there are layered deposits of ice preserving a record of the history of the early solar system and the solar winds. Humans will contaminate Mars. As society contemplates going to the moon or Mars, there’s a rising debate as to whether it’s worth spending billions of dollars to send humans to other planets if a … In addition to that, the planet has some active volcanic and other vital building blocks for life existence on the Red planet.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ablison_com-leader-2','ezslot_10',136,'0','0'])); There is no doubt that by colonizing the Red Planet, we will end up polluting its environment. Of course, the Moon is a dead, inactive planet as of now, but we can spark light on the satellite. It will be hard to distinguish different colours and everything looks much the same. There are several essential factors we need to have in place before visiting the Red planet. People could starve, freeze, run out of oxygen or be hit with lethal doses of radiation, not to mention the global dust storms that occur on Mars for weeks on end. For us to discover this, we shall need to dig much deeper than the current NASA’s rover is capable of uncovering. How Valuable is Pristine Mars for Humanity- Opinion Piece? Why Elon Musk's Colony on Mars in 2020s is Unfeasible - What Could We Do - Really? donation today and 100 percent of your With an onmidirectional platform and telerobots on the surface, you could walk and run over the surface too, as if you were there but with enhanced vision and capabilities. No air. Therefore, we manage to land on the surface of Mars; we will not arrive alone; however, we will have carried along with a load of earthly microbes. Mars is a fascinating planet, the most like Earth of all the planets in the solar system, and may help us to understand much about the origins of life on Earth. As of now, Earth is the only known planet to contain life form of its surface and underwater. Small spacecraft, such as Voyager 1, have traveled more than 138 AU from our planet since launching, with the goal of discovering what interstellar space may have in store. Apollo astronauts found that dust got everywhere. At current levels of technology, I don't see how that can be avoided. The suitport gets close to this, but is designed more to prevent dust getting into the cabin than to prevent air getting out. Could be that it infects other micro-organisms so infects micro-organisms within the habitat. By visiting and colonizing planet Mars, we shall be inspiring our next generation of space explorers. So is not cold all the time, but the average temperature is similar to Antarctica, and it has these huge temperature swings of 70 °C, sometimes more, between day and night, just about every day. You would agree that the center of Antarctica in winter is cold, not the best of places to set up home? A human would need to put on a spacesuit to survive the low pressure, never mind the lack of oxygen. when you breath in the micro-organisms into your lungs. However, it has as well been said that everything exists an end. Average surface pressure is about 0.6% of Earth sea level. Hard to see any way that air could be sterilized in typical spacecraft conditions. Colonizing Mars may become possible in just a few decades. Is It As Good A Place To Live As A Desert? Dangers of a manned mission to Mars. Dinosaurs are a great example; these creatures used to roam on Earth for approximately 165 million years; however, the only trace we have of them today is their fossilized skeletons. Humans hoping to be the first to set foot on Mars will have to run a gauntlet of dangers to reach their goal and yet more if … Limited expansion room. As a result it is extremely dry near the equator, cold enough so that it would have a permanent ice cover, like Antarctica, except that it is too dry, and the atmosphere is too thin to support it. ... that in a 2012 article for BBC News where he explored the pros and cons of sending humans to Mars. For more about all this see my Asteroid Resources Could Create Space Habs For Trillions; Land Area Of A Thousand Earths. Here is a photo showing progression of a dust storm as seen by Opportunity. All systems require design, construction, and testing, but no scientific breakthroughs are required to send humans to Mars and to sustain life there. Could Microbes Transferred On Spacecraft Harm Mars Or Earth - Zubrin's Argument Revisted. Excellent article and worthy of discussion and serious thought. Mars is an excellent target since it features a day with almost an equal length as our planet as well as water in the form of ice on its planet. As of now, Earth is the only known home for a human being. Three major cons include, They would have to be there for 2 years, Something could easily go wrong, and it cost a lot of money. Since Mars has a different environment compared to Earth, this will hurt our bodies. If so, there is a remote possibility that it might be hazardous to humans. Opportunity is almost at the equator, landed 1.95 degrees South (Spirit landed 14.57 degrees South and Curiosity landed 4.5 degrees South). But they are available in space too, mining the NEOs. It would also complicate experiments to look for trace biosignatures in the deposits on Mars, some of these sensitive enough to detect a single amino acid in a gram of soil. This means that everything needs to work accordingly. As we conclude, we hope that you have understood these pros and cons of colonizing Mars. Named after the "Little Prince" who looked after a single rose on his asteroid in the fictional book by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry It's possible that plants may be the first living Earth colonists of another planet. 1. Dinosaurs are by far the best example; therefore, imperiling human culture on a different planet will help in improving the existence of our species for an extended period. At Science 2.0, scientists are the journalists, As of now, several individuals are investing in getting human beings to Mars; however, is it worth colonizing Mars? Images and data from two other NASA spacecraft currently orbiting the red planet -- Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey -- have provided invaluable information on possible landing sites. But though it was quite Earth-like in its first few hundred million years, it is not at all Earth like now. Mars has far greater challenges, but because of that, we will not go there cavalierly. The landscape on Mars may seem quite stunning in some of the photos. No internet, TV, or phone lines. NASA warns people that a human mission to Mars will be difficult and the potential for disaster is a high. So, scientifically, Mars is a much better destination than the moon. Solar power won't work. Mars features an unforgiving environment with minor accidents or misstates being fatal or resulting in large failure and injury. The pros and cons of space exploration let us explore the final frontier that we currently know. The cross-pollination of different fields innovates one resulting in revolutionary changes in the other. The surface of Mars is covered in dust. They are also right next to the craters of eternal night which are thought to have deposits of ice and are the coldest places in the inner solar system. Get the latest mars news, articles, videos and photos on the New York Post. Negative and Positive Aspects of Going to Mars Whether it’s Lewis and Clark or Joe Schmoe, humans have always had a tendency to explore their surroundings. Mars features a lower level of gravity, which will make our bodies weaker. Life On the Edge In Cold Dry Deserts Of Mars - Dust Storms, And Contamination By Microbes From Leaky Spacesuits. With the recent discovery of flowing liquid water on Mars, talk has turned to what it would take to colonize Mars. Risks and Challenges. By colonizing planet Mars, we might end up destroying that life form. You still need to use space suits because of the vacuum conditions. We According to the United Nations, the population on Earth will reach approximately 9.8 billion by 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100. Small spacecraft, such as Voyager 1, have traveled more than 138 AU from our planet since launching, with the goal of discovering what interstellar space may have in store. Also, technical assistance for near Earth colonies can be given by experts on Earth in close to real time without the light speed delays of Mars. We could have greenhouses on the surface, and export the food to orbit using fuel also created on the surface of Mars. Therefore, there is no doubt that our presence on the surface of Mars will jeopardize the primary reason for being on that planet in the first place. The safety of the Martian ecosystem should be our top priority because when we introduce Earth’s microbes on the surface of the Red planet will end up jeopardizing the entire mission and the primary reason for visiting the Red planet. But Mars is such an interesting place to explore especially for scientists. It requires about 5,000 hours of work and would take someone who had all the necessary skills about two and a half years to build, given supply of all the parts and materials needed. Since 2012, several space agencies across the globe have sent their probes as well as rovers to gather more information about the planet Mars. Nevertheless, mo one being sure when will the dangerous calamities occur and wipe out half of the Earth’s population. With communications-delays and lengthy travel times, astronauts venturing to Mars will need to be capable of resolving a wide range of potential problems autonomously and with limited resources. When designing a manned Mars lander, one technical issue comes up repeatedly—the diameter of the payload fairing for the rocket on which the Mars lander will launch. According to statistics, more than 25 million animals are used to carry out experiments in the U.S. each year. I thought it might help redress the balance to talk about this. That money could be put to better use fighting the rising … 703 Words 3 Pages. As time progresses, our universe continues to grow and become bigger at an incredible speed. Aeroponics is a version of hydroponics especially useful for space missions which uses minimal water as the roots grow in moist air. There are plans in the works to put boots on Mars in this generation. All of this is solvable but requires complex machinery to keep it going. can't do it alone so please make a difference. You would probably get a fair bit of negative press for doing that, and through all the future of human history would probably be known as much as the humans who contaminated Mars as the first to colonize the planet. Mars is really cool. Yes Mars does have an atmosphere, it's true. One of which is the origin of life. Yes I know the surface area of Mars is large, comparable to that of Earth. So, I'm not "against mars colonization". In addition to Martian life, human safety is another aspect we need to focus on. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. Mars has seasons, but the seasons on Mars are a bit longer than the ones on Earth due to its farther distance from the sun. Undoubtedly, it's a wonderful place to explore, especially with augmented reality vision. So, what can we do? Less than six months ago the crash of Columbia shook not only NASA, but the American people as well. However, several pros and cons are associated with colonizing the Red planet. Mars One has developed a mission to establish a human settlement on Mars built entirely upon existing technology. Shorter term it also makes for easy assistance and backup in case of emergencies, and astronauts can if necessary be returned to Earth within a day or two. 6. For undersea colonies, see The Long, Ongoing Dream of Undersea Colonies, Atlantica Undersea Colony - idea to build a city under the sea off Florida and Phil Pauley's ideas for Sub Biosphere 2 which applies some of the ideas for space habitats such as hydroponic based growing food to a sea colony - which submerges itself below the sea. No need to carry food, oxygen or water. This last issue may be addressable however. The Advantages of Going to Mars From a Scientific Point of View. But again, rocket fuel in the form of water is abundant in many places, even available at the poles of the Moon, so this is not a major advantage of Mars over anywhere else. Destroying Martian life that might be existing. The people making the long space journey will experience health risks they've never faced before. Follow- ing the discovery that there were once oceans on Mars, NASA has reported that there is currently liquid water fowing over parts of the planet. A human is host to about 100 trillion micro-organisms in 10,000 different species. Also, we would have sufficient resources to build this using materials from just one small NEO such as Nereus (perhaps the most accessible of them all, 300 meters across and easier to get to than the Moon in terms of delta v). NASA’s Curiosity rover just celebrated its 3,000th day on Mars by taking a remarkable picture of the Red Planet. Even though the largest fairing under consideration is a whopping 8.4 meters (27.6 ft) in diameter, it has been extremely difficult for NASA to fit a payload fairing to the design of a manned Mars lander. From late December to early January the summit of Mount Everest never rises above -33C. To human eyes it is a dull reddish gray or brown. A huge amount of investments have already been put into the idealistic cum realistic possibilities. There is also the possibility of life already on the planet. TRAPPIST-1, the system boasting seven planets which can all potentially support life, is 39 light years away. Well Mars is far colder. Some of the cons associated with colonizing the Red planet include;eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'ablison_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_7',135,'0','0'])); There is no doubt that human space exploration is dangerous at all levels. That possibility is fascinating and is one of the main reasons that we keep going back there. Some of those may be able to reproduce on the surface, particularly lichens, and some hardy micro-organisms, polyextremophiles that may be able to survive in marginal habitats of cold salty brine that may form around deliquescing salts in the morning and evening. We don't have the technology to do that yet at a reasonable cost. The contamination could also affect your water supplies. Why colonize Antarctica first, when you can colonize the tropics? Mars … 1358 Words 6 Pages. SpaceX is a well-known organization with Mars One coming second; this shows optimistic possibilities of establishing colonies on the Red planet. Top 10 blogs in 2020 for remote teaching and learning; Dec. 11, 2020 Space Travel and Exploration: The Advantages and Disadvantages. It's not too surprising if you think about our Mount Everest, which is also near the equator, but with thinner air (a third of sea level though still fifty times denser than Mars "air"), it has average summit temperatures varying from -35°C in the coldest month to -20° C in the warmest month. Communicating had failed and they never returned. That means if we were able to travel at the speed of light—a feat which is currently well beyond our reach, technologically—it would still take us 39 years to travel the 229 trillion miles. In addition, unlike the Cold War motivation of the 1960s that led us to the moon, the reasons for going to Mars are likely to result in a program that is … You can now get it as a kindle book, if you prefer, for $0.99 + VAT. Space: Pros And Cons of a Flight to Mars A modest Gorbachev proposal gets an ambivalent U.S. reception By Dick Thompson/Washington Monday, June 06, 1988 Spacesuits are also complex mechanisms that could fail, and that the colony would be surely unable to make, and only able to do some repairs for them. Katrina C. Arabe Feb 17, 2004. See for instance: Then, on same subject as this article but a more leisurely treatment: I'm Robert Walker, inventor & programmer. No Escape From Problems in Space Colonies - Earth is  Des Res - Even After Nuclear War or Asteroid Impact, Why We Can't "Backup Earth" On Mars, The Moon, Or Anywhere Else In Our Solar System, Let's Plan For Exploration and Discovery of Space with no End Date - NOT Escape from Earth - Opinion Piece, To Terraform Mars with Present Technology - Far into Realms of Magical Thinking - Opinion Piece. A habitat would have many other micro-organisms too, in the food, in the soil, other supplies, and floating in the air. 3. But there are several other consequences of such a small planet. It would help if you kept in mind that planet. Not much you can do about the darkness during the dust storms though except artificial lighting, and just sit them out. Though only 300 meters across, it has enough material for cosmic radiation shielding for three square kilometers. Could be a pathogen like Legionaire's disease which we are not immune to. The dirt is poisonous. Mars's small moon Deimos has enough to shield an area more than twice the size of Switzerland (e.g. 5. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. Last week, team members and others from the scientific community met for a final chance to discuss and fine-tune the pros and cons of each of the four landing site contenders. By colonizing Mars, it will prove that such an endeavor can be possible, and this will pave the way for future colonization of other planets and the moon in our solar system and outside our solar system. Therefore, in this article, we shall be taking you through the pros and cons of colonizing mars. educated over 300 million people. There is no such thing as “leisure time.” Just downtime. Again this needs food to be supplied from Earth. The average temperatures vary from around -30°C to well below -50°C. There's also the possibility that it could evolve on the surface through adaptive radiation into new forms hazardous to humans, because the conditions are so different (strong UV, cosmic radiation etc). Some scientists think there may be life on the surface even now in the harsh conditions there. NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. This is another vital and vital reason why we should colonize planet Mars. This is a governmental system defined by a centralized body of leadership... 22 Important Pros and Cons of Selective Breeding, 29 Intense Pros and Cons of Dictatorships, 22 Extensive Pros and Cons of Animal Testing, 17 Important Totalitarianism Pros and Cons. No oxygen to speak of either. However, Earth’s most intelligent species is carried away to establishing colonies on other cosmological bodies in the solar system. NASA aims to have humans on Mars by the 2030s. The people operating them via telerobotics can switch from one to another, as you do with the game civilization, doing all the interesting things, while the robots do the boring stuff. These can last for weeks, and the light from the sun drops by over 99%. Average temperatures on Mars are similar to Antarctica. That possibility is fascinating and is one of the main reasons that we keep going back there. Most profoundly, as a result of the existence of dark energy, the enlargement of the space will never end. The area for colonization is comparable to Earth so only seems small in comparison to space colony potential. It could also risk clogging up machinery. Cons, How you might die trying This is a one way trip Crash- Probably wont even make it to the surface because the air is to thin, and 100 times less dense then earths, With … In the 80s and 90s, it was racing to land on Mars; however, due to some problems, the idea and the funding come to an end. Over most of the surface, ice sublimes directly to water vapour without ever turning liquid. In the second instalment of his two-part feature on human missions to Mars, Dr Alexander Kumar asks whether we should send people to the Red Planet given our poor record managing this one. Now if you aren't a scientist that mightn't bother you much. How Valuable is Pristine Mars for Humanity - Opinion Piece? It is often cold enough for the CO2 in the atmosphere to freeze out as dry ice. Mars then belongs to the Martians, even if the Martians are only microbes … the preservation of that life must, I think, supersede any other possible use of Mars. There are several benefits associated with colonizing planet Mars, and the most notable one is that colonizing Mars will mark the first interplanetary settlement in our history. Earth remains by far the most habitable place in our solar system. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'ablison_com-box-4','ezslot_2',143,'0','0']));Therefore, putting human beings on more than one planet will help improve the chances of our survival for thousands, if not millions of years from today. It gets warm at midday, briefly, can go over 0 °C. Coolness. Mainly you would just see the view from your window whatever that is. At the same time, the moon does not feature any atmosphere that will protect its residents from dangerous meteor impacts. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020. If that's your motivation, then remember, as soon as the first colonists arrive on Mars then it will already "be done". However, this atmosphere could be thickened through various methods including heating the polar ice caps to release trapped carbon dioxide. Article for BBC news where he explored the pros and cons are associated with the! 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