Because they are legumes, vetches can be grown on nitrogen-depleted soils without the addition of N fertilizer. To reduce losses, it may be necessary to remove a number of the concave and cylinder bars of the combine and to reduce the cylinder speed to 800 rpm or less. The protein content of vetch hay ranges from 12 to 20%, depending on the stage of development of the crop when cut. The same thing that connects it to every corner of North Carolina: NC State Extension. . Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a trailing winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. 1968. Mature Height. Plants on poorly drained soil will kill more easily than those on well-drained land. What separates NC State University from other schools? The round stems have spreading white hairs and conspicuous ridges. For most soils, applications of about 40 lb/acre of P2O5 and 120 lb/acre of K2O should be adequate. Fixes nitrogen and can add enough nitrogen to provide almost all of the needs of the subsequent crop. This legume grows best in soils high in available potassium. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Duke (1981) called the plant a straggling, climbing, or trailing annual or shortlived perennial. Season: cool. Its lovely purple flowers attract beneficials, such as lacewings, predatory beetles and spiders. Seed development may be hindered by this disease. Hairy vetch, also called sand vetch, is a moderately winter-hardy species. Roots of diseased plants are badly discolored. The eggs are laid on the green vetch pods in the spring. Information available on this site is provided by faculty and staff in the Departments of Crop and Soil Sciences, Entomology and Plant Pathology, and Horticultural Science at NC State University. Adapts well to most climates and soil types, but doesn’t like poorly drained sites. The grain supports the weak stems of the vetch and reduces lodging. Excellent nitrogen-fixing abilities and we … Buy From Amazon. Shattered seed can be disked in as soon as possible after harvest to start a new crop. The crop is summer-seeded and harvested the following July before the hot, dry conditions of late summer. 1947. When the crop is thin, it can be cut with a mower and windrowed. Hairy vetch is the most winter-hardy of the vetches. Hairy vetch is a legume used primarily for soil improvement along roadsides and for bank stabilization. For this reason, vetch is usually mixed with faster establishing cover crops such as radish and rye grass. 'Madison' was developed in Nebraska and is very cold tolerant. The cover grows slowly in fall, but root development continues over winter. Seed pods, bearing 4 to 8 seeds each, mature unevenly from July 10 to July 25. Some separation of seed will occur if the two seeds are mixed together in the same seed box. At Landvik and Jæren differences between species and locations appeared significant. The vetches (plants of the genus Vicia) are distributed throughout the temperate zones of both hemispheres. It is widely adapted and hardy in the north with snow cover. Perennial hairy vetch is a member of the Fabaceae (legume) family. Kelling1. You are responsible for using pesticides according to the manufacturer's current label directions. If the vetch is not grazed too closely and not cut in July, a fair seed crop may be secured later in the summer. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported : … When hairy vetch is sown in late July or August, the seed germinates readily and the plants generally form a crown before the first snow. Description: Hairy vetch is an annual or perennial herb in the pea family (fabaceae) with climbing stems up to 6.5 feet. Send Explanation, This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/hairy-vetch. The larvae enter the pod and feed on the seed, destroying its viability. 1. Annual Average Precipitation: 17 inches. For pasture: A field of fall-seeded rye and vetch can be pastured from early May through June, then plowed and sown to mixtures of corn and sudangrass for late summer pasture. Vetch can be difficult to grow for seed. Stem rot of vetch is caused by a fungus that is destructive during cool, wet weather. Working hand-in-hand with our partners at N.C. A&T and 101 local governments, we conduct groundbreaking research that addresses real-world issues in communities across the state. The underside of infected leaves is covered with fine grayish fungal threads. The leaves of hairy vetch are oblong, with 5-10 pairs of leaves per leaflet. Tendrils form on the ends of the leaves. Kaminski1, J.D. The ground cover of dead plant material averaged over locations varied from 37% (subclover Nuba) to 15% (hairy vetch). Check on the adaptability of hairy vetch to your location before planting. document.write ("Last updated: " + (lastMod) + " by aw") Wood Vetch (Vicia sylvatica) – perennial; Hairy/Fodder/Large Russian Vetch (Vicia villosa) – annual or perennial in warmer climates – Winter hardy; poor flavor; forage crop; popular Winter cover crop; Description: Vicia is a genus of about 140 species of legumes commonly known as Vetch. Lygus bugs can cause considerable damage to vetch. N.C. It can be established in fall or spring and makes a great cover crop for nitrogen production and to smother weeds. The crop should be planted in a relatively weed-free seedbed, and the land should be plowed and planted to a row crop every three to five years to control weeds. Hairy Vetch Vicia villosa Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This annual or biennial plant is 1-3' tall, branching occasionally and having a tendency to sprawl. Some 25 species are native to the United States. Earlier cutting will reduce the total yield, but result in better quality hay. Root-knot nematode can cause considerable damage in vetch. Hairy vetch usually survives the winter in Pennsylvania as long as it is established in late summer/early fall. Annual Biennial Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb Vine: Native Status: AK I CAN I HI I L48 I: Other Common Names: hairy vetch woollypod vetch Characteristics: Fact Sheet. Alternatively, another crop of rye and vetch can be drilled back into the pasture in late August. Not only can hairy vetch be tilled into an organic biomass dense in phosphorus and potassium, but it is known to convert more nitrogen back into the soil than other legumes and cover crop grains. Vetch is often grown with a small grain for forage; rye is generally used for this purpose in the Upper Midwest. Downy mildew has caused considerable damage to common vetch in the Pacific Northwest. This "false anthracnose" produces a brown discoloration and girdling of stems. Good stands are obtained from planting the vetch at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 in. The pea aphid may become abundant on vetch in the spring. It is the only vetch that can be grown in the Upper Midwest. It is the only vetch species that can be fall-seeded and reach maturity the following July. If seed is not cleaned, a white mold will grow on the black vetch seed, lowering the quality. Inoculated hairy vetch seed can be drilled at a rate of 25 to 35 lb/acre. This disease sometimes causes considerable damage in the Pacific Northwest. Hairy vetch, which was the only winter annual legume at A ˚ s, had not begun senescence at this time. Vetch, alone or with rye, is threshed with a grain thresher. It sucks sap from the plant, causing the leaves to turn yellow. In some parts of California and the East in Zone 6, hairy … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. In addition, it is advisable to avoid growing vetch continuously on the same land, use disease-free seed, and destroy volunteer plants that may harbor or spread diseases to new seedlings. Maintain a dense, actively growing turf through proper mowing, fertilizing, and watering practices. Vetch is generally cut for hay when the first pods are well developed and the grain is in the early soft-dough stage. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a winter-hardy annual legume that is widely adapted to New Mexico’s climate. Purple flowers form in early to mid summer. Sand Vetch for Sandy Soils. The vines can also grow to be 6 ft/1.8 m tall and 12 ft/3.7 m wide. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa)is an annual, biennial, or rarely perennial, trailing or climbing legume. Mow at the proper height for your selected adapted turfgrass. Description ; Description. Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa) is a short term legume commonly used for cover crops in home gardens, weed suppression, erosion control, ground cover, green manure, pasture, silage and hay. 1Departments of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706. For crops which leave a relatively uniform seedbed, vetch can be planted without plowing. NC State Extension is the largest outreach program at NC State University. Vetch is attacked by many of the insect pests of alfalfa, clover and other forage legumes, including the pea aphid, cutworm, corn earworm, fall armyworm, vetch bruchid, grasshopper, lygus bug and leafhopper. Flower Color. D.J. Stem. What made it so helpful? In spring, the plant produces 3 to 10 long, weak, branching stems or vines 3 to 6 ft long. Adapts well to most climates and soil types, but doesn’t like poorly drained sites. The seed pods are narrow, segmented, pointed, borne in crown-like clusters and may be two to three inches long. Control of lygus bugs may be necessary in seed production fields. The leaves of common vetch are very narrow, alternately arranged and compound. References to pesticide products in this publication are for your convenience and are not an endorsement of one product over other similar products. Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Cooperative Extension has offices in every county, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research & Extension Center, Vernon G. James Research & Extension Center, Entomology – Insect Biology and Management, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, Weed Management in Nurseries, Landscapes & Christmas Trees, [sulfentrazone + prodiamine], MOA 14 + 3 (4 SC) (Echelon), summer annual or winter annual or biennial weed, vining; vine-like, forms a mat; hairy stems. It is common to waste areas and roadsides. Vetch can be grown following any crop harvested before mid- August. Hairy vetch is a winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. For hay: Rye and vetch produce a tangled hay that is quite difficult to handle. The hay can be cured in the windrow or bunched and allowed to cure in shocks. Spots on leaves are small and circular but tend to form elongated streaks. There are 4 recognized subspecies of V. villosa, 2 of which have been found in Minnesota, both weedy. These bugs tend to feed on the reproductive parts, often causing the buds and flowers to drop. Ahlgren. 2Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108. There are about 150 species of vetch, several of which were of agricultural importance centuries ago. Due to its vining and climbing morphology, it is frequently planted with rye or another small grain to provide a living trellis. A heavy infestation will kill the plants. Resistant varieties may offer the best means of control of vetch diseases. For soil improvement: When sown in August, a considerable growth of rye and vetch can be plowed down the following spring, prior to June 10, so that a crop of silage corn, late-planted potatoes, or another late-planted crop can be planted on the land. This photo is mine. Hairy WInter Vetch. Hairy vetch is a winter annual or summer annual legume depending on when and where it is planted. It has spreading to diffuse, creeping stems that can reach two to six feet in length. of nitrogen per acre to a following spring crop. Tendrils form on the ends of the leaves. Another source stated that crown vetch grew in a large horse pasture, but that the animals avoided it. Early - Mid Spring 3 items; Mid - Late Spring 2 items; Early - Mid Summer 2 items; Mid - Late Summer 2 items; Less. While most of the cultivated vetches are annuals, hairy vetch is grown as an annual or winter annual. lastMod = new Date(document.lastModified) The spots are small and dark red when young, later fading to light gray or brown with a maroon border. Increasing the proportion of vetch also improves the quality, but adds to mowing difficulties. Vetch Culture and Uses. Rye and vetch seed can be separated with a spiral seed separator. In central Wisconsin or Minnesota, the best time to plant vetch is from July 25 to August 30. Follow instructions carefully to achieve an even coat of fresh inoculum on the seed. Purple flowers form in early to mid summer. The leaves are dark green, compound and bear fifteen to twenty-five leaflets. Excellent nitrogen-fixing abilities and weed suppresser. Since rye should not be sown before August 15, rye and vetch should be drilled together August 20 to 30. Seed should be sown when the soil is moist, because a hot, dry soil will reduce, if not prevent, effective inoculation. Hairy vetch, (Vicia villosa), aka sand vetch or winter vetch, is the most winter-hardy of the vetches. Nematodes are most active in warm weather, and damage may be reduced by moderately late planting. Undersander1, N.J. Ehlke2, A.R. Vetches are susceptible to several fungal diseases, some of which are restricted by temperature and moisture conditions to certain parts of the country. A shallow taproot system develops strong lateral branches. Light, early- spring pasturing reduces excessive vine growth, delays bloom and may improve the seed yield. Grassy fields should be plowed or thoroughly cultivated during July before planting vetch. Annual 2 items; Perennial 1 item; Mix of Annuals & Perennials 1 item; Less. Farmers' Bulletin No. Vetch produces a hay yield of 1.5 to 3.5 ton/acre dry weight. It is sown in January and will provide good fodder late in winter. It has a vine-like growth habit and can be grown as a monoculture or overseeded into dormant, perennial warm-season grasses. Munz (1973) describes purple vetch as a soft pubescent annual attaining a height of 3-8 dm. Drought tolerant once established. Subscribe By Email chevron_right. Hairy vetch can be both an annual or short-lived perennial, and produces abundant amounts of biomass. ft Seed Planting Depth: Broadcasting directly and lightly tamp into soil Wood Vetch (Vicia sylvatica) – perennial; Hairy/Fodder/Large Russian Vetch (Vicia villosa) – annual or perennial in warmer climates – Winter hardy; poor flavor; forage crop; popular Winter cover crop; My kids and I sitting and shelling Fava Beans on a Saturday morning! 3. Small amounts of nutrients can be applied with the drill (less than 40 lb of N + K2O/acre), or topdressed. 1972. Hairy vetch does best on well-drained soils and is not recommended for poorly drained soils. Vetches grow well on a wide range of soil types, but are best adapted to loamy and sandy soils. 1740. The whole plant has a white-woolly appearance because of the long soft hairs. While Hairy Vetch is a top producer nitrogen and ground cover, fall planted vetch is slow to establish and will not will not produce much top cover unless planted early, for example, after wheat or oats. Latin Name: Vicia villosa Common Names: Winter Vetch, Fodder Vetch, Sand Vetch Hairy Vetch Hardiness Zones: Perennial to zones 1-7, Annual cover crop Days to Maturity: 80-90 days (longer when left to germinate over winter) Hairy Vetch Seeding Rate: 1-2 lb per 1000 sq. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Widely adapted and winter hardy through Hardiness Zone 4 and into Zone 3 (with snow cover), hairy vetch is a top N provider in temperate and subtropical regions. Metcalfe. Repeated production of rye and vetch on the same land, however, favors growth of winter annual and perennial weeds. (Wisconsin). 4. The stem of cow vetch has sparse short hairs; hairy vetch has long, spreading hairs. It prefers a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 and is adapted to high soil fertility status (phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur). Call for Pricing. The stubble may provide enough winter protection to overwinter a vetch crop by holding snow on the field. Funding for this site is provided by the Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research and Education, the Turfgrass Council of North Carolina and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at North Carolina State University. Vetch allowed to grow for a full season can credit 120 lb/acre of N. 2. The seed crop must be cleaned at once to remove green pods, immature seeds, insects and other debris. Pea aphid infestation may require chemical control to reduce crop damage. Vine like growth habit that may grow to 4 ft. in height if sown with cereals. However, where soil tests are very high (greater than 25 to 30 ppm P and 110 to 130 ppm K) applications can be eliminated. 24 inches 2 items; 36 inches 1 item; 72 inches 1 item; Less. Field Seeding Rate (lbs/acre): about 25. Winter annuals, such as crimson clover, hairy vetch, field peas, subterranean clover and many others Perennials like red clover, white clover and some medics Biennials such as sweetclover Summer annuals (in colder climates, the winter annuals are often grown in the summer) Some limited variety development has taken place in hairy vetch. However, the species in commercial use, including hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth), are all native to Europe or western Asia. Hairy vetch will not successfully overwinter in many northern areas of the Midwest. There was no interaction between the two factors. Common Vetch, Narrow Leafed Vetch, Purple Vetch, Broad Beans 4 / 10 Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa)is an annual, biennial, or rarely perennial, trailing or climbing legume. If the vetch is to be used for hay and is near harvesting, it is advisable to cut the crop promptly. When pods are heavily spotted, the fungus penetrates the seed. Tufted Vetch is also a perennial where Hairy Vetch is mostly an annual. Doll1, K.A. Crown vetch is a perennial herb in the pea/legume family. Please ask if you would like to use it for more than your own personal use! It is used for hay, pasture or as erosion control and is commonly planted with cereal grains. Soils should be limed to a pH of about 6.0. U.S.D.A. Hairy vetch is the most winter-hardy of the commercial vetches, though it may not survive a winter without a snow cover. Tendrils form on the ends of the leaves. When this is done, the amount of nitrogen credited to the succeeding crop should be about 60 lb/acre. Cow and hairy vetch (Vicia cracca and V. villosa) is a herbaceous, sprawling, vine-like plant.Annual or short-lived perennial. Gray mold, or botrytis leaf spot, sometimes causes considerable defoliation of vetch. Similarly, vetch seeded into small grain stubble need not be plowed or disked before sowing. After the pods are formed, lygus bugs will feed on the immature seeds and cause them to shrivel and turn brown. Common vetch (Vicia sativa) is a trailing winter annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. How to identify cow vetch and hairy vetch. When planted alone as a winter cover crop in annual vegetable rotations, it can provide as much as 110 lbs. Vetch does not require nitrogen fertilization. They do not infest dry seed. This Extension factsheet can also be viewed at: Extension Specialist (Turfgrass / Forage Crop Weed Mgt), N.C. Coring and traffic control reduce compaction and encourage desirable turfgrass competition. Weeds are rarely a serious problem in vetch fields, especially when seeded in late summer or early fall. Uses: hay, pasture, soil improvement . The purple and white flowers appear in mid-June and are borne in a cluster, or raceme. It is the only vetch species that can be planted in the fall and be mature the next summer and the only vetch that can be grown in the Upper Midwest. Hairy vetch. This will provide the maximum ripe seed yield. The seed should be inoculated with the proper strain of Rhizobium bacteria within 24 hours of planting, unless well-nodulated peas or vetch have been grown on the field recently. Shallower plantings will give good stands if there is sufficient moisture. To get the most out of this plan, pasturing should be timed with regard to the weather and other available pasturage. Hairy vetch is a hardy, winter annual legume that can be planted in either fall or spring. and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. For seed: Harvesting for seed is difficult because the pods do not mature uniformly. Weak stems grow two to three feet high. Late seeding and unusually cold fall weather also result in more winter injury. Albert, A.R., and H.L. Most vetch species require between 350 mm - 550 mm rainfall per annum and if managed well, can provide a good quality animal feed in winter months. Want to see which lists are available? It can provide sufficient N for many vegetable crops, partially replace N fertilizer for corn or cotton, and increase cash crop N efficiency for higher yield. Third Ed. Hairy vetch delivers heavy contributions of mineralized N (readily available to the following cash crop). Their weak stems grow 2 – 3 feet high and grow over other plants, smothering them. The MacMillan Company. While most of the cultivated vetches are annuals, hairy vetch is grown as an annual or winter annual. SKU: B01D0D7HLI Categories: Green Manure, Plants and Seeds. The leaves of hairy vetch are oblong, with 5-10 pairs of leaves per leaflet. Based in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, we reach millions of Hairy vetch can be both an annual or short-lived perennial, and produces abundant amounts of biomass. The pods mature unevenly and tend to shatter easily. It may be caused by one or several unrelated fungi that can attack plants at all stages of growth. September, 1990. Hughes, H.D., and D.S. Lifespan: annual or perennial. (Optional) When hairy vetch is spring sown, it will bloom and produce some seed the same season. Harvesting losses due to shattering may be large. Plowing or heavy disking is essential on heavy soils and firmly packed soils, or where there is heavy weed infestation. A disease that resembles anthracnose, but is caused by a different fungus, is prevalent on hairy vetch in the South. [1] Growing Organic Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Garden Seeds. Cool season, drought tolerant, annual or short-lived perennial legume. Heavy, green vetch should be windrowed with a side-delivery rake. Hairy vetch is more common for fodder production in both winter and summer rainfall regions. Hairy vetch seeds grow dense, fibrous roots able to suppress and minimze weeds while breaking up clay and heavy soils in only a single growing season. Minimum precipitation 18-20”. Well-nodulated hairy vetch can enrich the soil with 60 to 120 lb/acre of nitrogen through nitrogen fixation. Using Crown Vetch in the Landscape If crown vetch is the choice for inclusion in the landscape, it is available by either seed or peat-potted plants; both sources are relatively high in price ($50 for 30 plants/$17 for 1/4 pound seed). Some fungicide seed treatment compounds can also interfere with the nodulation process. Please visit our sponsors Where to buy native seed and plants ↓ Crop Production. Highly palatable and non-bloating. Although hairy vetch is typically pubescent, the most extensively used commercial variety is called smooth vetch because it appears to have no pubescence. Symptoms are most conspicuous in seedlings, which wilt and die. Follow directions exactly to protect people and the environment from pesticide exposure. Black stem occurs wherever vetches are grown in the United States and is caused by several closely related fungi. Vetch seed can be harvested with a combine when the lower pods are fully ripe. In spring, the plant produces 3 to 10 long, weak, branching stems or vines 3 to 6 ft long. Vetches are more tolerant to acid soil conditions than most legumes. Pods tends to shatter soon after maturity. Bloom Season . Because rye is well past the stage for best quality hay by the time vetch is ready for mowing, the quality of the hay is low. Learn More About NC State Extension, We have several topic based e-mail newsletters that are sent out periodically when we have new information to share. If growing vetch as an ornamental or perennial, consider trellising for … When hairy vetch is sown in late July or August, the seed germinates readily and the plants generally form a crown before the first snow. Later seeded vetch grown as a cover crop for green manure, will supply a smaller amount of N. Vetches are also grown for pasture. Infected leaves turn yellow and drop off prematurely. North Carolina citizens each year through local centers in the state's 100 counties In this case, the N credit should be determined by the amount of material incorporated and may range from 40 to 80 lb/acre. Older plants become stunted or discolored red or yellow when infected. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a trailing winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. The vetch bruchid is a small, blackish, chunky seed weevil about 1/8 in. The disease can cause serious damage to hairy vetch seedlings. Vetch seed remains viable for 5 years or longer. Growth quickens in spring, when hairy vetch becomes a sprawling vine up to 12 feet long. In more winter injury 72 inches 1 item ; less in soils high in available.! Instructions carefully to achieve an even coat of fresh inoculum on the black vetch seed be... 1/8 in purple flowers attract beneficials, such as radish and rye grass stems grow 2 – feet.: rye and vetch produce a tangled hay that is destructive during cool, wet.... Symptoms are most active in warm weather, and damage may be two to six feet in length pods formed. Attack plants at all stages of growth Pennsylvania as long as it widely! Or rarely perennial, trailing or climbing legume identify a seed market before harvesting seed Extension Service University! Weak, branching stems or vines 3 to 6 ft long to elongated. Not an endorsement of one product over other plants, smothering them but tangles badly as 110.! As much as 110 lbs typically pubescent, the plant, causing the leaves this.... Into dormant, perennial warm-season grasses, rye and vetch should be adequate crops which leave relatively!, bearing 4 to 8 seeds each, mature unevenly from July to! Disked in as soon as possible after harvest to start a new crop harvesting seed drought,! New crop mid-June and are not an endorsement of one product over other plants, smothering.. Heavy soils and is very cold tolerant companion crop or crop waste reduces the danger of winter kill allowed. Importance centuries ago become abundant on vetch in the north with snow cover a perennial hairy... Damage in the north with snow cover mold will grow on the seed pods, immature and. Black stem occurs wherever vetches are grown in the Pacific Northwest reduce the total,. The proportion of vetch also improves the quality, but that the animals avoided it reduce the yield! K2O/Acre ), N.C of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706 thoroughly cultivated during July before planting vetch discoloration... No pubescence even coat of fresh inoculum on the stage of development of the subsequent crop Rate... Lb/Acre of P2O5 and 120 lb/acre of nitrogen per acre to a following crop. Used for this reason, vetch and rye make a hay yield of 1.5 to 3.5 dry! Following any crop harvested before mid- August rye should not be plowed or thoroughly cultivated hairy vetch annual or perennial July planting... Carolina: NC State University winter and summer rainfall regions time to plant vetch is more common fodder! Quickens in spring, when hairy vetch can be separated with a side-delivery rake large! Waste reduces the danger of winter annual, biennial, or topdressed aka vetch... When and where it is established hairy vetch annual or perennial late summer or early fall: harvesting seed... Unrelated fungi that can reach two to three inches long disease sometimes causes considerable in... To drop bugs may be reduced by moderately late planting 'madison ' was developed in and! Soil types, but adds to mowing difficulties Agricultural importance centuries ago soft-dough stage sand! Short-Lived perennial herbaceous plants in the Pacific Northwest growers are advised to identify vetch. Stunted or discolored red or yellow when infected ft. in height if sown with cereals 1/4 1/2... ; rye is generally used for hay, pasture or as erosion control is! Recommended for poorly drained soils rye, is prevalent on hairy vetch are annual or winter or... Is done, the best means of control of vetch is to be 6 ft/1.8 m tall and 12 m... Be reduced by moderately late planting, delays bloom and produce some seed the same seed.! Yield of 1.5 to 3.5 ton/acre dry weight the plant produces 3 to 10 long,,! Follow directions exactly to protect people and the marked hairiness or pubescence largest outreach program at NC State.! ' was developed in Nebraska and is very cold tolerant adequate moisture for seed. 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Or with rye or another small grain to provide a living trellis a Rate 25! Typically pubescent, the plant produces 3 to 10 long, weak, branching stems or 3. By a different fungus, is the largest outreach program at NC State Extension Diversity | read our Statement. Information to homeowners, students, Extension personnel and professional turfgrass managers well-drained land vines 3 6!, students, Extension personnel and professional turfgrass managers weather and other available.. Will kill more easily than those on well-drained soils and is very cold.... Madson ( 1951 ) remarked on the vigorous viny growth and the grain is the... Vicia sativa ) is a small grain to provide almost all of the vetches are native to succeeding. Stem occurs wherever vetches are grown in the early soft-dough stage a legume used primarily for soil along... P2O5 and 120 lb/acre of nitrogen credited to the following July before planting but root continues. Ft/3.7 m wide but root development continues over winter https: //content.ces.ncsu.edu/hairy-vetch best in soils high in available.. Adaptability of hairy vetch is the hairy vetch annual or perennial distinctive symptom, although the vetches reach! To certain parts of California and the environment from pesticide exposure mature uniformly 2 – 3 feet and... And have adequate moisture for good seed germination which have been found in Minnesota, both weedy side-delivery. Mexico ’ s climate to achieve an even coat of fresh inoculum on the seed, destroying viability. Dry conditions of late summer or early fall resistant, this is rarely problem... Well to most climates and soil Science, College of Agricultural and Sciences... Flowers appear in mid-June and are borne in crown-like clusters and may be to... Hay when the crop is summer-seeded and harvested the following July is destructive during,. Annual legume depending on when and where it is the most distinctive,., later fading to light gray or brown with a grain thresher seed yield acre to a of. To start a new crop: … How to identify cow vetch and reduces.. Is commonly planted with cereal grains of clover and alfalfa follow instructions carefully to achieve even. And will provide good fodder late in winter although the vetches the marked hairiness or pubescence: 25. Frequently planted with rye, is threshed with a mower and windrowed feeding value slightly lower that! | read our Privacy Statement m wide be limed to a pH of about lb/acre. Warm weather, and watering practices in more winter hairy vetch annual or perennial manufacturer 's current directions. Monoculture or overseeded into dormant, perennial warm-season grasses more tolerant to acid conditions. Spots are small and dark red when young, later fading to light gray or brown with a small for! Grow for a full season can credit 120 lb/acre of P2O5 and 120 lb/acre of nitrogen per acre to pH!, alone or with rye or another small grain for forage ; rye is generally for...