The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. The instruments used in part II are 2 oboes d'amore, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. Part V is written for the Sunday after New Year's Day. Bach: Christmas Oratorio John Eliot Gardiner , English Baroque Soloists 0.0 / 10 ( 0 voturi) Nota ta: [35][39] The trio aria in Part V "Ach, wenn wird die Zeit erscheinen?" Presented as an evening, all six cantatas, it is a challenging form. The Shepherd Cantata, BWV 249a, first performed on 23 February 1725, one of Bach's secular cantatas, is an early example of such cantata. J.S. Musicologist Alfred Dürr[69] and others, such as Christoph Wolff[70] have suggested that Bach's sometime collaborator Picander (the pen name of Christian Friedrich Henrici) wrote the new text, working closely with Bach to ensure a perfect fit with the re-used music. Recit. Impachetare gratuita; Livrare gratuita la comenzi peste 59 de lei; Poti returna acest produs in 14 zile; Comenzi telefonice: 0725.982.036 Jordan Smith-Sep 25, 2016. Parts I and III are written in the keys of D major, part II in its subdominant key G major. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No. 2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" by Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. The opening chorus, “Celebrate, rejoice, rise up and… glorify what the Highest has done today,” was completely original. Part IV is written in F major (the relative key to D minor) and marks the furthest musical point away from the oratorio's opening key, scored for horns. Tweet on Twitter. Part VI is written for the holiday of Epiphany. The Christmas Oratorio is by far the longest and most complex work of the three.[1]. [27] Ihr Häuser des Himmels, ihr scheinenden Lichter, BWV 193a, composed in 1727, is another secular cantata on a text by Picander which was, shortly after its first performance, reworked into a sacred cantata (Ihr Tore zu Zion, BWV 193). ", Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder, International Music Score Library Project, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=991808485, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Schlafe, mein Liebster, und pflege der Ruh, Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, Blühet, ihr Linden in Sachsen, wie Zedern, Pfui dich, wie fein zerbrichst du den Tempel, Du Falscher, suche nur den Herrn zu fällen, So geht! 64, closing chorale of Part VI). From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Christmas Oratorio II 1 (10). Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). : Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, St. John Passion, Mass in B minor by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. (T) Evangelist And there were shepherds in that very region in the field nearby their sheepfolds, who kept their watch by night over their flocks. Each part is a cantata for 1 of 6 feast days within the 12 days of the Christmas season: The story begins with the birth of Jesus (for Christmas Day). On this occasion, however, the parody technique proved to be unsuccessful and Bach composed the aria afresh. The continuo part is open to interpretation in matters of scoring. Bach abandoned his usual practice when writing church cantatas of basing the content upon the Gospel reading for that day in order to achieve a coherent narrative structure. The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio [J S Bach and gen ] fragen: Recent Searches. However, numbers 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19 and 21 in Part II call for 2 oboe d'amore and 2 oboe da caccia. In some performances sung by the Angel (soprano). Bach took the majority of the choruses and arias from works which had been written some time earlier. In the oratorio there is, however, no association with the pain and suffering evoked in the Passion. Like for his other oratorios, and his Passion settings, Bach employed a narrative based on the Gospel in his Christmas Oratorio. The two most popular vocal scores for Bach's Christmas Oratorio are shown below. Mastered from original tapes and pressed on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English and German. Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). Bach: Christmas Oratorio Bach, Johann Sebastian (Composer), Gardiner, Sir John Eliot (Conductor), Monteverdi Choir (Orchestra), English Baroque Soloists (Orchestra), Argenta, Nancy (Performer), Otter, Anne Sofie von (Performer), Rolfe Johnson, Anthony (Performer), Blochwitz, Hans-Peter (Performer) & 5 more Format: Audio CD Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" da Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … 7 of part I ("Er ist auf Erden kommen arm") and even more ingeniously in the recitatives nos. Examples: for his 1973 recording, The different types of oboes referred to above are mostly called for at different points in each section. But the epitome of Christmas music is Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, which opens with a drum roll. Also 26 and 27 December (second and third day of Christmas) were commonly considered feast days, with festive music in church. The Gospel narrative of this oratorio followed, to a certain extent, the respective Gospel readings of the church services where the six cantatas of the Christmas Oratorio were to be performed for the first time. Before Bach wrote the Christmas Oratorio, he already wrote some cantatas for the Christmas season. The piece is often presented as a whole or split into two equal parts. Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. In detail: The oratorio was written for performance on six feast days of Christmas during the winter of 1734 and 1735. It was preceded by Advent, and followed by the period of the Sundays after Epiphany. Part IV is written for New Year's Day (January 1). Bach's Christmas oratorio // On St. Nicolas-Day, the choir of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden is performing Johann Sebastian Bach's famous Christmas oratorio in the impressive atmosphere [...] of the Church of Gethsemane. The … 38 and 40 which frame the "Echo Aria" ("Flößt, mein Heiland"), no. is believed to be from a similarly lost source, and the chorus from the same section "Wo ist der neugeborne König" is from the 1731 St Mark Passion, BWV 247. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.1 Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. The work belongs to a group of three oratorios written in 1734 and 1735 for major feasts, the other two works being the Ascension Oratorio (BWV 11) and the Easter Oratorio (BWV 249). In particular, Bach made particularly effective use of recitative when combining it with chorales in no. Bach's Christmas Oratorio was compiled for the Christmas church festival at Leipzig for the season of 1734-5. The first part (for Christmas Day) describes the Birth of Jesus, the second (for December 26) the annunciation to the shepherds, the third (for December 27) the adoration of the shepherds, the fourth (for New Year's Day) the circumcision and naming of Jesus, the fifth (for the first Sunday after New Year) the journey of the Magi, and the sixth (for Epiphany) the adoration of the Magi. John Butt delivers another revelatory performance which propelled this recording onto many of 2016's 'Best of' lists. Parts Part I. The third major new piece of writing (with the notable exception of the recitatives), the sublime pastoral Sinfonia which opens Part II, was composed from scratch for the new work. Parts I and III are similarly scored for exuberant trumpets, while the Pastoral Part II (referring to the Shepherds) is, by contrast, scored for woodwind instruments and does not include an opening chorus. In Germany, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is the seasonal equivalent to the English-speaking world’s Messiah. All three of these oratorios to some degree parody earlier compositions. The alto aria in Part III, "Schließe, mein Herze" was originally to have been set to the music for the aria "Durch die von Eifer entflammten Waffen" from BWV 215. It was incorporated within services of the two most important churches in Leipzig, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas. In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. English Translation in Interlinear Format Cantata BWV 248/1 - Shout for joy, exult, rise up, glorify the day Christmas Oratorio I: Event: Cantata for Christmas Day Readings: Epistle: Titus 2: 11-14 / Isaiah 9: 2-7; Gospel: Luke 2: 1-14 Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander); Paul Gerhardt (Mvt. And never mair from thee depart. (Sound, you drums!) was the title of the cantata that paid homage to the Saxon Electress and Polish Queen Maria Josepha, the music of which Bach reworked to make one of the most successful pieces of Christmas music of all time. It may have even been the case that the Christmas Oratorio was already planned when Bach wrote the secular cantatas BWV 213, 214 and 215, given that the original works were written fairly close to the oratorio and the seamless way with which the new words fit the existing music.[70]. [36][37][38] In addition to these sources, the sixth cantata is based on a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a, of which at least the opening chorus is based on the lost secular cantata BWV 1160. Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. BACH - CHRISTMAS ORATORIO (BWV 248) IV - VI Sir John Eliot Gardiner conducts The Monteverdi Choir and English Baroque Soloists in a performance of Bach's Christmas Oratorio (IV-VI), a series of cantatas intended for performance on the major feast days of the Christmas period. As can be seen below, the work was only performed in its entirety at the St. Nicholas Church. The same melody reappears in the last movement of the oratorio (No. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium), BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. 巴赫康塔塔《尊主颂》指挥:哈农库特 勋伯格合唱团 - Magnificat BWV 243 - Nikolaus Harnoncourt The Christmas Oratorio is a particularly sophisticated example of parody music. Bach composed the six-part “Christmas Oratorio” (“Weihnachts Oratorium”) in 1734 for two Leipzig churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, for which he served as music director. Part III is written for the third day of Christmas (December 27). That Bach saw the six parts as comprising a greater, unified whole is evident both from the surviving printed text and from the structure of the music itself. [24][25] In the second half of the 1720s Bach often collaborated with Picander as a librettist for his cantatas. Similar Terms. Markus Rathey's book is the first thorough study of this popular masterpiece in English. It included at least three feast days that called for festive music during religious services: apart from Christmas (Nativity of Christ) and Epiphany (Visit of the Magi) the period also included New Year's Day (1 January), in Bach's time still often referred to as the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: I Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: II Evangelist: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. [43][44][45] The first chorale tune appears in the 5th movement of Part I: it is the tune known as Herzlich tut mich verlangen, that is, the same hymn tune which Bach used in his St Matthew Passion for setting several stanzas of Paul Gerhardt's "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" ("O Sacred Head, Now Wounded"). The Christmas Oratorio is exceptional in that it contains a few hymn settings, or versions of hymn tunes, for which there is no known earlier source than Bach's composition:[49][50], There are very few known hymn tunes by Bach (he used Lutheran hymn tunes in the large majority of his sacred compositions, but rarely one of his own invention): apart from what can be found in the Christmas Oratorio, there appears to be one, partly inspired by a pre-existing melody, in the motet Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229 (composed before 1731–32),[56] and at least one entirely by Bach, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, in Schemellis Gesangbuch (published in 1736).[57]. Wikipedia, the audience seems to be unsuccessful and Bach composed the aria afresh days Christmas... On 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English this cantata in the part. Incorporated within services of the music represents a particularly sophisticated example of parody.! 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