[21], His works are included in the Guru Granth Sahib (pages 219–1427). [3][1] Guru Tegh Bahadur was martyred, along with fellow devotees Bhai Mati Dass, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dayala. He was born at Amritsar in 1621 and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind. Both these men (Guru Tegh Bahadur and Hafiz Adam) used to move about in Punjab, adopting a habit of coercion and extortion. In 1636, Guru Hargobind Ji made a sudden visit to Goindwal Sahib to be with Bhai Gurdas Ji -the key exponent of Guru Granth Sahib, whose end was approaching. He is also called Hind ki Chadar, or Shield of India. Who killed Guru Tegh Bahadur? They were persuaded to convert to Islam during their four month imprisonment at Sirhind. He neither speaks ill of others nor feels elated by praise and shuns greed, attachments, and arrogance. 1427. Tegh Bahadur was married on 3 February 1633 to Mata Gujri. Guru Tegh Bahadur's Martyrdom Day is also observed as Shaheed Diwas every year on November 24. Today is Guru Tegh Bahadur's 345th Martyrdom Day. In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded publicly in the Chandni Chowk market, a market square close to the Red fort. As soon as these words became known, many hopeful persons rushed to Bakala to claim the title. [48], Tegh Bahadur has been remembered for giving up his life for freedom of religion, reminding Sikhs and non-Muslims in India to follow and practice their beliefs without fear of persecution and forced conversions by Muslims. He lived & died to oppose the religious & political tyranny of Aurangzeb. He was married to Mata Gujri, daughter of Lal Chand of Kartarpur in Jullundhur district. The youngest of the five sons of the sixth Sikh guru, Guru Hargobind, he was trained in the martial arts of swordsmanship and horse riding from a young age. Who killed Guru Tegh Bahadur? Sikh tradition states that the guru stood up for the rights of Kashmiri Pandits. [17], In August 1664 a Sikh Sangat arrived in Bakala and anointed Tegh Bahadur as the ninth guru of Sikhs. Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu in his message tweeted, "My respectful tributes to Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji on his martyrdom day today. Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in 1675 on Aurangzeb’s orders. In his message, the Lt Governor said, “I bow to Dhan Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, Guru Ji’s sacrifice for upholding the principle of freedom of conscience and vision for inclusive society will be remembered till eternity” “Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji taught us about humanity, equality, courage, sacrifice, dignity, and religious freedom. The long-standing controversy over the Sikh calendar is all set to loom over ninth Sikh master Guru Tegh Bahadur’s 400th birth anniversary celebrations scheduled next year. Aurangzeb dreamed of an Islamic India. [43] Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, also in Delhi, is built on the site of the residence of a disciple of Teg Bahadur, who burned his house to cremate his master's body. Every year on November 24, Sikhs celebrate Shaheedi Divas to remember Guru Tegh Bahadur and the day is observed as his Martyrdom Day. 9 November, 1675: the qazi ordered that Bhai Dayal Das be seated in a cauldron of boiling water 11 November 1675 Bhai Santokh Singh, Mahaakavi, in his Guruprataapsooryodey (1846) clearly tells us that, adham naurange kaaran keenaa, “it was the unspeakably … Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi are the sites of his execution and cremation. He refused to convert to Islam and in 1675, he was beheaded in Delhi. After the death of Kale Khan and Qutub Din, the royal army retreated. He was born on April 01, 1621 in a family of revolutionaries, social activists and reformers, who sacrificed their lives for justice, equality, tolerance and oppression. [20], Guru Tegh Bahadur contributed many hymns to Granth Sahib including the Saloks, or couplets near the end of the Guru Granth Sahib. [3][4] The Guru was summoned to Delhi by Aurangzeb on a pretext, but when he arrived, he was asked "to abandon his faith and convert to Islam". Guru Tegh Bahadur -The True Story by Gurmukh-Singh OBE. [47] After beheading Kushal Singh Dahiya the villagers shuffle the heads and give the head of Kushal Singh Dahiya to Mughal army. Follow our special coverage of Coronavirus pandemic in India and get news updates from around the world. Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadar Langar Saheb, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadar English High School, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Khalsa College (SGTB Khalsa College), University of Delhi, Guru Tegh Bahadur 3rd centenary public school, New Delhi, Guru Teg Bahadur Charitable Hospital, Ludhiana, Guru Teg Bahadur Public School, Patran (District Patiala), Guru Teg Bahadur Public School, Saharanpur(Uttar Pradesh), Gurudwara Sahib, Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar, Jalandhar (Punjab), Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Public Higher Secondary School, Ratlam (MP), Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Education Centre Secondary School and Gurdwara, Rawatbhata (NPCIL RR Site) (Rajasthan), Guru tegh bahadur road, Dehradun (Uttarakhand), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 15:00. [13], Amritsar at that time was the center of the Sikh faith. He not only molded his own religion but shielded Hindu Kashmiri Pandits from the atrocities of Mugal emperor who was forcing them to embrace Islam. साधन हेति इति जिनि करी।सीसु दिया पर सी न उचरी।।धर्म हेत साका जिनि कियासीसु दिया पर सिररु न दिया।।धार्मिक असहिष्णुता के विरुद्ध, हमारी आस्था की रक्षार्थ गुरु तेग बहादुर जी के बलिदान को सादर नमन। #GuruTegBahadur, My heartfelt tributes to Shri #GuruTeghBahadur Ji, one of the greatest Sikh gurus who sacrificed his life to protect human values, ideals and principles. He selflessly served the society and spread the message of peace & universal brotherhood. He had one elder sister and four brothers. So he and all the other Pundits journeyed to Anandpur to meet Siri Guru Teg Bahadur ji! [30][31], According to the official account of the Mughal Empire, written 107 years later by Ghulam Husain of Lucknow in 1782,[33][34]. It is a religious scripture of Sikhism. Guru Tegh Bahadur is often referred to as Hind Ki Chadar, meaning the Shield of India. [3] Wilfred Smith[52] stated "the attempt to forcibly convert the ninth Guru to an externalized, impersonal Islam clearly made an indelible impression on the martyr's nine-year-old son, Gobind, who reacted slowly but deliberately by eventually organizing the Sikh group into a distinct, formal, symbol-patterned community". A number of places are named after the ninth guru of the Sikhs, Guru Teg Bahadur. He went from one claimant to the next making his obeisance and offering two gold coins to each Guru, believing that the right guru would know that his silent promise was to gift 500 coins for his safety. [1], After the execution of Tegh Bahadar by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, a number of Sikh temples were built in his and his associates' memory. Sikhism: Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621–1675) Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. ", "HP Government - Holidays - Government of Himachal Pradesh, India", Non-Canonical Compositions Attributed to the Seventh and Ninth Sikh Gurus, List of places named after Guru Gobind Singh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru_Tegh_Bahadur&oldid=1000751439, People executed for refusing to convert to Islam, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with style issues from December 2020, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Martyrdom for defending one’s human rights of practicing religion (under Aurangzeb 's reign), Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Senior Secondary School, Patli Dabar, Sirsa (Haryana), Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Institute of Technology. [30][31] He did so after appointing his son the successor-Guru, leaving his base of Makhowal and entering Ropar where he was promptly arrested. Kashmiri Brahmins' apathy: Under Aurangzeb's orders, Kashmiri Brahmins were being forcibly converted to Islam. Not just a principled and fearless warrior, he was a learned spiritual scholar and poet whose 115 hymns are included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the main text of Sikhism. Makhan Shah Labana forthwith made good the difference and ran upstairs. Fils de Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind Guru Tegh Bahadur was arrested, on orders of Aurungzeb, at village Mallikpur Rangran on 12 July 1675 with his three companions, Dewan Mati Das, Sati Das and Dyal Das. About Guru Tegh Bahadur: Guru Tegh Bahadur had resisted forced conversions of non-Muslims to Islam during Aurangzeb’s rule; He was publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. Aurangzeb was a "murderer" who killed Guru Tegh Bahadur and tortured Guru Gobind Singh's sons, Sirsa said. Ghulam Muhiuddin Bute Shah said that "Ram Rai represented to the Emperor that Guru Tegh Bahadur was very proud of his spiritual greatness and that he would not realize his fault unless he was punished. Guru Tegh Bahadur was a ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion and he was head of the followers of Sikhism from 1665 until his beheading in 1675. [17] He arrived in search of the ninth Guru. He is regarded as the most selfless martyr and his martyrdom is observed on 24th November every year as Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day. (In fact) Several thousand persons used to accompany him as he moved from place to place. Guru Tegh Bahadur started traveling to various parts of the country in order to preach the teachings of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. He is the ninth guru in the lineage of Sikh saints. [11] His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur every year on 24 November, according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003. He is indifferent to ecstasy and tragedy, is not affected by honors or humiliations. Hindu temples faced demolition and were turned into mosques and non-Hindus were made to pay higher taxes, according to a BBC report. From a young age he was trained in the martial-arts of archery and horsemanship. He was executed, after being tortured for a long time, for steadfastly refusing to convert to Islam for the sake of saving his life, by being beheaded in public at Chandni Chowk on 11 November 1675. Let us tell you that the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur beheaded by the Mughal Emperor is located at the same place in Delhi today, Shishganj Gurudwara and Guru Tegh Bahadur was born on 18 April 1621 in Amritsar. 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