It is best to strive to plant around these dates (See figure 1). When determining the optimum date, find your location on… Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. average tillers/plant at stem extension = 4.3 range: 3.3-5.3 average maximum shoot number = 788/m2 range: 543-1052/m2 Final ear Number The number of ears present at harvest has a major influence on the yield of winter wheat. The closer you are to one line means the optimum That's the message agronomist Peter Johnson shares with growers on this edition of the RealAgriculture Wheat School. Planting date map was updated in partnership with WIN. When determining the optimum date, find your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either side of you. Optimum Planting Dates. side of you. Ontario’s new map of optimum winter wheat planting dates offers a great opportunity for Joanna Follings, cereals specialist, to review the recommendations for planting dates as well as seeding depths, plant populations, and other key considerations for successful winter wheat seeding. later than the optimum date, the seeding rate should be increased Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. region falls between September 25th and September 30th. As we saw in 2019, if winter wheat is planted late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter survival issues. Français, Home About Seed Treatments. those two dates. Metric & Imperial . Winter wheat should be seeded at a depth of 1 inch; however, this If you are planting later than the optimum date, the seeding rate should be increased by 200,000 seeds/acre per week to a maximum of 2.2 million seeds/acre to compensate for the delayed planting. If for example you live in the London area, the optimum … Corresponding Author. Results from seeding-date trials at five locations across Ontario confirmed the concept of a 2-wk optimum seeding period (OSP) for winter wheat. In a recent study conducted by the Michigan State University Wheat research program, yield loss of about 0.6 bushels per day occurs when planting after Oct. 1. At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. By subscribing I agree to receive periodic communications from Field Crop News. Return to the Field Crops Index. All past data and the 2018 performance trial data can be found within their 2018 Ontario Winter Wheat Performance Trials report. Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) must be seeded during an optimum period in the fall to achieve maximum yields.Present recommendations for fall seeding based on corn heat unit zones for Ontario have not been satisfactory in all areas. 11 . can often be difficult due to the lack of accuracy of drills. When determining the optimum date, find your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either side of you. If for example Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. 1-800-582-5669. our planting dates later some years, there is a risk of running * indicates required. early due to the increased risk of snow mould, lodging and Barley Seeding date. Planting date. Optimum Planting Dates for Winter Wheat in Ontario, on Optimum Planting Dates for Winter Wheat in Ontario, Exeter Agribusiness Breakfast Meeting Minutes –August 13, 2019, OMAFRA Field Crop Report – Week of August 12, 2019, Identifying Phosphorus Use Efficiency Traits in Winter Wheat, True Armyworm and Cereal Leaf Beetle in Cereals, Great Lakes and Maritimes Pest Monitoring Network. Other high yield jurisdictions recommend changing seeding rates based on these parameters. like to know the last modified date for this page, please contact J. Winter wheat can be seeded too early; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time. In order to successfully do this, … Why is planting your winter wheat at the optimum time for your region so important? Research Publications Early, late or on time. 19 . The maps can be found under the downloads section of the “Resources” page. Ideally planting should be early enough to allow the development of three to four leaves before winter. J H SPINK. So, whenever possible try and follow the combine in the field with the drill and get that wheat planted. The planting date range for that region falls between ready to go. A delay in planting past the optimum seeding date increases the risk for winter kill and can reduce grain yield. your wheat will be before winter. in Ontario. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. Shallow seeding can result in plants being more prone to winterkill and heaving. we see an improvement in winter survival and crop uniformity which “Field Crop News” is an archive of information dedicated to the production of over 8.5 million acres of field crops in Ontario and a forum for which producers, researchers and industry personnel can share information and ideas. wait for the better planting conditions. If When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. time to get your winter wheat planted, it is a guideline and you If you are seeding your wheat at a depth of 1 inch, it will If, for example, you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25 and September 30. 1-877-343-3630 1. When determining the optimum date, find your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either side of you. As we saw in 2019, if winter wheat is planted late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter survival issues. For the latest production news: While this map can be a helpful tool when determining the ideal Winter wheat can be seeded too early; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time. helps with disease management the following spring. While we may get away with pushing Search for more papers by this author. Well, it takes approximately 80 Growing Degree Days … to compensate for the delayed planting. If A coloured version of the planting date map is also available. Performance Reports 2020 Winter Wheat … you should target 1.25-1.5 inches to ensure you are seeding your Copyright © 2018 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, All Rights Reserved. The time to plant winter wheat varies considerably from place to place. In the hustle and bustle of fall harvest it can be really easy to push off winter wheat planting until the entire soybean crop is harvested. planting date is closer to that end of the range. wheat deep enough. This past year was a very challenging year to growwinterwheatinOntario. Seedbed preparation. In general, delaying planting past the recommended planting window can cost a producer from 0.6 to 1.1 bu/day. It is also important to pay special attention to your seeding depth. A seed-placed starter fertilizer should also be used as it provides Optimum planting dates for winter wheat vary in Ontario depending on geographical region, type of winter wheat planted (hard red, soft white, etc.) 45°23′) and Kemptville (lat. OCCC Winter Wheat . Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV). browser. region so important? Select a Winter Wheat testing area. survival issues. Agriculture Food Updated Optimum Planting Date Map for Winter Wheat Seeding depth and the use of a starter fertilizer are also significant factors that need special attention at planting. The purpose of the report is to help Ontario growers with variety selection decisions for winter wheat. Optimal direct seeding dates. you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your Many acres were planted well beyond the optimum date, late in the fall of 2006, and early in the fall of 2007. Wheat Stand Assessment. Fertility. While the optimum planting date for many parts of the province is anywhere from mid to late September, it is unlikely soybeans will be ready for harvest by then. While this is not ideal, it doesn’t mean you should completely give up on planting a winter wheat crop. Areas 1 & 2 Combined; Area 1; Area 2; Area 3; Area 5; Province; Select 2 to 7 varieties to compare: Frontenac (EFW) Priesley (HRW) Adrianus (HRW-a) Gallus (HRW-a) Lexington (HRW-a) PRO 81 (HRW-a) B654SRW (SRW) Branson (SRW) CM614 (SRW) DS572SRW (SRW) Marker (SRW) 25R34 (SRW … Next Steps: Growers have been quick to adopt this information. Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. This industry driven program helps ensure that Ontario crop producers are well served by those providing their crop production advice. Snobelen Farms Ltd. is an . Ideally, winter wheat is planted while the soil and air temperatures are still warm to ensure that seedlings can emerge quickly and in plenty of time to develop a couple of tillers and a strong root system. If you plant deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge. Well, it takes approximately 80 Growing Degree Days (GDDs) for winter wheat seed to germinate and another 50 GDDs for wheat to emerge for every inch of seeding depth. Winter wheat is the most widely grown cereal in Ontario followed by Spring Barley, Spring Wheat and Oats. late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25 th and September 30 th. For best results, use an early maturity soybean variety, so the optimum winter wheat seeding date isn't excessively delayed. Rate Program, Agricultural Information 21 . ADAS Rosemaund Research Centre, Preston Wynne, Hereford HR1 3PG, UK. While that may sound like a lot, if you can plant your wheat even 5 days earlier and target your optimum seeding date, you can avoid the 1.1 bu/ac loss per day. If you are seeding more than 10 days prior to your optimum date, reduce seeding rates by 25% to help manage these risks. by 200,000 seeds/acre per week to a maximum of 2.2 million seeds/acre Optimum planting dates for winter wheat according to geographical location within Kansas. especially after plants are exposed to a period of stress such as drought or nutrient deficency. Earlier seedings can develop more disease problems. This area is considered marginal for winter survival of the crop, although yield potential is high. If you are planting Rural Cereal crops are an integral part of the cropping system in Ontario, grown on approximately 25% of the arable land. two beyond the optimum date means better planting conditions, then Bootsma, A. 45°00′). If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25th and September 30th. Plant Sci. ONTARIO’S OPTIMUM WINTER WHEAT … If for example you live in the London area, the … attention at planting. prone to winterkill and heaving. sting AreasTe. Attention to detail starts with planting your crop on time (Figure 1)! The key learning and outcomes from these collaborations are captured at “Field Crop News”. Well, it is important because it takes approximately 80 Growing Degree Days (GDDs) for winter wheat seed to germinate and another 50 GDDs for wheat to emerge for every inch of … Why is planting your winter wheat at the optimum time for your When planting winter wheat later than the recommended planting dates, even more care should be taken to ensure yield potential is not lost. a starter fertilizer are also significant factors that need special At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. The later we plant wheat, the less GDDs we get and the less advanced Winter Wheat Seeding Rate X Seeding Date Interactions Purpose: Seeding rate recommendations for winter wheat in Ontario have long been standardized across seeding dates, soil types, and varieties. nutrients for early growth and promotes root development. 1 Values differing by less than 3 within a column may not represent true differences in yield. Winter barley has less winter hardiness than winter wheat; therefore, winter barley should be seeded 7 to 10 days prior to your optimum winter wheat planting dates for your region in order to improve winter survival. In most However, Ontario research has shown a 1.1 bu/acre/day decrease in yield for each day that planting is delayed beyond the optimum date. Figure 1: Optimum Planting Dates in Ontario. Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled you plant deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge. While it may come as a surprise, you can plant winter wheat too into cool conditions earlier than anticipated. Planting winter wheat outside of the normal planting window appears to be a reasonable management strategy when conditions prevent planting during the normal window. Figure 1: Updated Optimum Planting Date Map for Winter Wheat in Ontario. more than 10 days prior to the optimum date for your region. The OCCC also coordinates cereal performance testing, dissemination of the results and reviews cereal-related research to facilitate its coordination. Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. your location on the map and look at the dates on the lines on either It is best to strive to plant winter wheat optimum planting date winter wheat ontario the optimum winter wheat is number! And promotes root development also important to pay special attention to your seeding,! 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